Exercises You Can Use With Senior Population
As we grow old we start losing our functioning capability, this is associated to decline of body physiological functioning that leads to loss of body muscle mass, low metabolism decreased cardiac output among other vital functionalities the consequence is the inability to efficiently perform physical activities which continues to decline as your age advances. It is impossible to stop aging, what we can do is to slow the physiological effects associated with aging by participating in regular physical activities, it is good to note when you are designing exercise regimen for senior populations, that is people 70 years and above customize the program to individual needs because this group is categorized as a high-risk group and some physical activities may be contradicted for seniors. A good number of seniors need activities that will help them improve basic daily activities such as dressing, bathing, and eating it is possible to improve these functions with customized exercises, this article outlines some of the physical activities you can use to help address these challenges.
As briefly mentioned most seniors have problems with activities of daily living (ADL) like bathing, feeding, walking, dressing as well as instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) which constitutes cooking, shopping, and other home chores, all this is because of aging which leads to conditions such as arthritis that affects joint flexibility, diabetes, and heart conditions which make them get tired quickly during activities that require the use of energy. To assist the senior population to regain their independence design a tailored exercise program that emphasizes flexibility and targeting small muscle groups such as fingers and palms, this can promote their ADL and IADL considerably if the program is utilized effectively.
One of the major cause of death of the senior population is heart attack which results in sudden death, this is why it is important to tailor an exercise program that aims at improving the cardiovascular system of this population, aerobic exercises are best at improving heart functionalities, however, these aerobic activities should be of low to moderate intensity to make sure the seniors are exercising within a safe zone, some of the popular aerobic activities are walking, hydrodynamics exercises, swimming and cycling, it is also advised to monitor the exercises and regularly check the heart rate, blood pressure and perceived exercise exertion to make sure they are safe and all possible risks associated with exercises for the seniors are minimized or eliminated, where possible collect data that you can use to modify or manipulate the exercise program to ensure you have a progressive fitness regimen which is safe and reliable.
Senior population is also at high risk of experiencing deteriorated and irreversible brain diseases such as Alzheimer’s this condition can also be slowed by keeping the seniors active with ADL and IADL such as walking, cooking, and dancing. You can use highlighted exercises to design a good exercise program for the senior population.
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